Art by Edvard Munchand Käthe Kollwitz.
Expressionism is a term used to describe art that originated in Germany in the begining of the 20th century. It is an artistic style in which the artist attempts to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse in him. They accomplish this aim through distortion, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal elements. Strong colours and visable, free brushwork is used. It can be seen as an extension of Romanticism.
The term “Expressionism” is usually associated with paintings, graphic work, and other forms of artistic practice in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century that challenged academic traditions, particularly the Die Brückeand Der Blaue Reitergroups.